This publication presents the klezmer repertoire that developed in Israel, especially in the 20th century. It treats the history of the local klezmer tradition, discusses the stylistic characteristics and genres of this music in the past and in the present and clarifies the relations between the Israeli klezmer tradition and its European and American counterparts. Examined also are the links with musical traditions of the Middle East, the cultural milieu in which the unique klezmer tradition of Israel took shape. The musical transcriptions in this book are based on field recordings of Moshe (Musa) Berlin, the senior traditional klezmer active in Israel, and of Avraham Segal, the last klezmer of the pre-State generations (and Musa's non-official teacher), spanning over three decades. Accompanied by a CD (Anthology of Music Traditions in Israel, vol. 11), catalogued separately.