— Bibliographic Items

Hazzan and Qahal: Responsive Chant in Minhag Ashkenaz

Material Type: 
Articles in Journals
In: 
Hebrew Union College Annual
Publisher: 
HUC-JIR
Year: 
1990
Volume: 
61
Pages: 
203–217
Languages: 
English
Description: 

Drawing upon textual references in minhag books, siddurim and mahzorim, the article proves that responsive form, the musical interaction between the hazzan and the congregation, was a significant element in synagogue worship in minhag ashkenaz, the liturgical rite of Southwest and South Germany. Even after the rise of virtuoso hazzanut in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the responsive form, in contrast to the practice in Eastern Europe, continued in many German communities.

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