Born in Bingen, Germany. Taken to Palestine in 1936. Received a PhD in Musicology at the University of Zurich, and later a earned a librarian's degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Directed the music department in the National Library (1964-1974). Was a lecturer in the Musicology department of the Hebrew University, researcher of the Jewish Music Research Center, and co-editor of Yuval-Studiesof Jewish Music Vol. 1-5.