Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Traces the life of violinist Alma Rosé, a niece of Gustav Mahler. Recounts her childhood and early musical career in Vienna, her experiences in occupied Holland, and her time as music master of the women’s orchestra in Auschwitz.
Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Traces the life of Herbert Zipper, a Viennese conductor and composer sent to Dachau in 1938. Describes his efforts to create a secret orchestra in the camp, his transfer to Buchenwald, and his eventual release in 1939.
Born in Jan. 1898 in Teschen, Czechoslovakia, Ullmann studied in Vienna; in 1918-19, he was a pupil of Arnold Schoenberg. From 1920-27 he served as conducting assistant to Alexander Zemlinsky in Prague, and also worked as free-lance composer and teacher. He continued as a composer and a music critic in Theresienstadt, where he had been deported in 1942. In Oct. 1944 Ullmann was sent to his death in Auschwitz.