The artistic music of the formative period in Israel draws on three sources: the old traditional oriental sources, the spirit of new reality, and twentieth-century music of the Twenties and the Thirties.
"The Purpose of this article is to survey the traditional developments of the PB ritual and its music in the Ashkenazi communities in both Central and Eastern Europe and to discuss the later developments in the Reform congregations of Germany and North America.
A brief survey of JM from biblical times to the eighteenth century. Unlike books attempting to cover two millennia and the whole diaspora, this short article highlights some important developments in JM without pretending to cover the whole span.
Maramures (formerly Maramaros, in Hungarian) was a Jewish community in Transylvania that, prior to World War II, had a rich musical heritage. After the Shoah, not a single one of the area's musicians returned from concentration camps.