Italian violinist, composer and scholar. Federico Consolo ("Yehiel Nahmani Sefaradi") was born in 1841 in Ancona, Italy. He studied violin and had a career as a violinist, until a nerve injury ended his career. After the injury he devoted himself to composition and research. He published Sefer Shirei Yisrael – Libro dei Canti d'Israele (1892), a work containing traditional tunes of the Sephardic Jews of Italy.
Yeruham Blindman served as a cantor in Kishnev, Tarnopol and Berdichev. By 1834 he was touring extensively as a cantor for Synagogues throughout Poland and the Ukraine. He became known as “Yeruham Hakatan” (the little one) because of his small stature. Blindman was admired for his tenor voice with unlimited falsetto range and his improvisatory vocal style. Although he only had a basic musical education, he composed many arrangements for liturgical music using melodies from Jewish folk songs.