Leo Levi

Elohim hashivenu: A liturgical insertion for holy days in Italy and beyond 

Jewish liturgy evolved in a multidirectional process. Differences between diverse local versions and lineages of transmission crystallized into several minhagim (“customs” or “traditions”) once the printing press started to produce prayer books in rapidly increasing numbers to satisfy the expanding demand. Many unique liturgical passages, whose pedigree and paths of transmission remain to be investigated, were established in different minhagim, some of them only in one.