Erich Walter Sternberg (Berlin, 1891 – Tel-Aviv 1974, immigrated in 1932) was the first local composer performed by the Palestine Orchestra (1937). His style was mostly conservative, post-Romantic, fluent and rich. His works were later often related as “non-local,” or “more Jewish than Israeli” because of that Zeitgeist favoring East-West syntheses, and hence under-appreciated – as was his major work, The Twelve Tribes of Israel — symphonic variations that he wrote in 1938.
Composer, Synagogue singer, Musicologist, French Jewish reformer of synagogue music & choirmaster
Samuel Naumbourg was born in Dennelohe, Bavaria, groomed from a young age to continue the long line of professional hazzanim in his family. He received his formal musical education in Munich where he was recruited to sing in Maier Kohn’s synagogue choir. Naumbourg’s early appointments included a cantorial post in Besançon and a position as choirmaster of the Synagogue in Strasburg.
Jewish music researcher & collector. Born in Lodz, Poland. Studied in Moscow, and in 1923 moved to the US. Worked as an organist in various synagogues and was one of the founders of the American Musicological Society. His research deals with theories of tonality, Russian music, and Jewish music (Biblical instruments, Biblical cantillation, etc.)