Analytical catalogue of all musical notations of JM (mostly liturgical) from the Genizah fragments (13th century) to 1840, a date in which printed JM started to appear in growing numbers. Extensive indices allow for the easy retrieval of information including melodies.
The system that defines the musical and liturgical practices of the Ashkenazi synagogue also delineates various degrees of freedom as to how the prayers are sung. In North America these practices took on characteristic changes, including those beyond the built-in freedom. The paper examines a few cases studies in which these changes are reflected, primarily in regards to the norm of performance, and examines their possible roots.
Born in Hadera, Israel, where he performed as a cantor from a young age. He composed, orchestrated, and arranged many works for cantor and choir. One of Sobol's main projects was the establishment of the Yuval Ensemble for cantorate and Jewish music, where he served as musical director and conductor.
Born in Parichi, Belarus. Immigrated to the U.S. in 1915. Worked as cantor and conductor in Europe (Berlin and Copenhagen) and later in the U.S. (New York and Philadelphia). Has written many articles concerning Jewish music. Founded the Journal, Jewish Music, in which he published a few of his own compositions and adaptations (synagogue music, folk songs, and Hassidic melodies).