Moses Michael Milner was born in Rokitno, Ukraine. He sang with famous cantors in Kiev, later studying music in Kiev and in St. Petersburg, where he participated in the founding of the Society for Jewish Folk Music (1908). He composed many works based on Jewish themes, as well as Jewish liturgical works. Apart from Jewish music, Milner wrote choral and orchestral works, operas, piano pieces, songs and incidental theater music.
Born in Vienna, Austria and immigrated to Palestine with his parents at age 13. Studied at the Academy of Dramatic Arts in London (1946-1948), and immigrated to the United States in the 1950's. As a singer and as an actor, Bikel performed in many Broadway Theater productions, as well as in television shows and in movies. As a folk singer he sang songs that spanned over 20 languages, and he accompanied himself on a wide variety of instruments. Bikel recorded many albums, and performed all over the world.