Trial of Strength: Wilhelm Furtwangler in the Third Reich

Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Documents the controversial career of conductor and composer Wilhelm Furtwangler, who chose to remain in Germany and work with the Nazi Party throughout the war despite his open criticism of the regime. Details his complex relationship with Jewish musicians. Includes photographs and important documents from his life.

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Art, Ideology & Ecomomics in Nazi Germany: The Reich Chambers of Music, Theater, and the Visual Arts

Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Illustrates how Nazi officials used economic and professional incentives to persuade artists - including musicians, composers, and conductors - to support the regime. Includes and extensive bibliography and an index.

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Moshe Wilensky

Israeli musician, composer & lyricist

Moshe Wilensky was born in 1910 in Warsaw, Poland. During the first World War, his family emigrated to Russia where they stayed until 1917, when they returned to Warsaw. In his youth, he studied at the "Eskela" Jewish Gymnasium, where the Hebrew was taught in addition to general studies.

1910- 1997

Mark Isakovich Rabinovich

Violinist and Conductor

Mark Rabinovich was Born in 1870 in the town of Zdvyzhensk (Kiev province of the Russian Empire; now Brusilov, Ukraine). He studied music under the guidance of his grandfather, the klezmer violinist and composer Israel-Moishe Rabinovich.

In 1937-1938 he was the head of the State Ensemble of Jewish Folk Music of the Ukrainian SSR. The ensemble performed on the radio and toured Ukraine and Belarus, Moldova, and Crimea.

Mark Isakovich Rabinovich died in Kiev in 1940.

1870- 1940

Isaac Schlossberg

Conductor and composer

Isaac Schlossberg is a composer and conductor. He was born in 1877 in St. Petersburg to a family of hereditary cantors. His grandfather, Nathan Schlossberg, and his father, Arie-Leib Schlossberg (also known as Leibke Aluxter) were cantors.


Bruno Walter

Conductor, pianist and composer

Bruno Walter was a German-born conductor, pianist and composer. He widely considered to be one of the great conductors of the 20th century.

Full biography at Wikipedia.

1876 - 1962