Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Documents the controversial career of conductor and composer Wilhelm Furtwangler, who chose to remain in Germany and work with the Nazi Party throughout the war despite his open criticism of the regime. Details his complex relationship with Jewish musicians. Includes photographs and important documents from his life.
Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Illustrates how Nazi officials used economic and professional incentives to persuade artists - including musicians, composers, and conductors - to support the regime. Includes and extensive bibliography and an index.
Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Traces the life of Herbert Zipper, a Viennese conductor and composer sent to Dachau in 1938. Describes his efforts to create a secret orchestra in the camp, his transfer to Buchenwald, and his eventual release in 1939.
Alexander Olshanetsky was born in Odessa, Ukraine. He played with the Odessa Opera orchestra and toured Russia and Siberia, and later was the choral director for a Russian operetta company. He stayed in Kharbin (today in China), and conducted a Yiddish theater group there. In 1922, Olshanetsky immigrated to the U.S. and worked as a composer and conductor for the Yiddish theater. From 1925 and until his death, Olshanetsky was one of the most prominent composers and conductors of the "Second Avenue" milieu.
Born in Bessarabia (today Moldova), immigrated to Palestine in 1946. Founded and directed the Rinat Choir (1955-1974), the Israel Chamber Orchestra (1964-1975) and other Israeli musical establishments. Was an acclaimed conductor in Israel and abroad. As a composer, known mostly for his incidental theater music.
For an extended biography, courtesy of Gary Bertini's website, click here.
Joel Walbe was born in Shepetovka, Volhynia (today Ukraine). As a boy, his education was standard for wealthy Jewish families in Russia. He first studied Torah in the Heder, and then proceeded to general studies with private teachers.
Choral director & opera conductor in Theresienstadt (Terezín)
Rafael Schächter was born May 27, 1905, in Braila (Rumania). After World War I, Schächter moved to Brno, where he began his formal musical studies. He continued his studies at the Prague Conservatory of Music, where he received degrees in composition and conducting, and at the Master School, in piano. After graduating, Schächter formed a successful Chamber Music Opera, and was a sought after vocal coach.