Hungarian-born liturgical scholar, composer and cantor
Max Wohlberg was born in Humene (today in Ukraine). He immigrated to the U.S. in 1923, where he sang in the choir of the Metropolitan Opera and held several positions as cantor. From 1952 he was professor of liturgy at the Cantors' School of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York (now the H. L. Miller Cantorial School). As a composer, Wholberg mainly wrote modern melodies to liturgical texts.
Born in Hadera, Israel, where he performed as a cantor from a young age. He composed, orchestrated, and arranged many works for cantor and choir. One of Sobol's main projects was the establishment of the Yuval Ensemble for cantorate and Jewish music, where he served as musical director and conductor.
Born in Heidelberg, Germany, Salmon studied composition with Richard Strauss at the Berlin Academy of the Arts, and later worked as a repetiteur at the Berlin Staatsoper, singer at the Hamburg Opera, and conductor in Baden. He immigrated to Palestine in 1933, and was the first musical director of the Palestine Broadcasting Service (later Kol Israel), from 1936-1958, later becoming the director of Kol Israel's transcription-exchange service until 1962. Salmon also taught at the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance.
Alexander Olshanetsky was born in Odessa, Ukraine. He played with the Odessa Opera orchestra and toured Russia and Siberia, and later was the choral director for a Russian operetta company. He stayed in Kharbin (today in China), and conducted a Yiddish theater group there. In 1922, Olshanetsky immigrated to the U.S. and worked as a composer and conductor for the Yiddish theater. From 1925 and until his death, Olshanetsky was one of the most prominent composers and conductors of the "Second Avenue" milieu.