Includes biographies, and complete list of publications of the Society for Jewish folk music in St. Petersburg (lists of works, of Joel Engel, Joseph Achron, Moses Milner, Lazare Saminsky, Alexander Krein, and Michael Gniessen).
The core of the article is a translation from the German of Lewandowski’s prefaces to his major works of synagogue music. Unfortunately omitted from the editions currently printed by Sacred Music Press, the prefaces provide invaluable material on the evolution of these works, the aims of the composer, and his ideas on synagogue music and hazzanut. The introduction to the article takes issue with aspects of the accounts of Lewandowski found and repeated in the literature.
Born in Jan. 1898 in Teschen, Czechoslovakia, Ullmann studied in Vienna; in 1918-19, he was a pupil of Arnold Schoenberg. From 1920-27 he served as conducting assistant to Alexander Zemlinsky in Prague, and also worked as free-lance composer and teacher. He continued as a composer and a music critic in Theresienstadt, where he had been deported in 1942. In Oct. 1944 Ullmann was sent to his death in Auschwitz.