Paul Muni was born in Lemberg, Austria in 1895. Muni's parents, both actors in a traveling Yiddish repertory company, immigrated to America in 1899. As a young boy, Muni made several appearances on stage with his parents. His formal stage debut was in 1907, after which he was recruited to join Maurice Schwartz's Yiddish Art Theater Company. Muni often performed at the Second Avenue Theater and the Irving Place Theater during his 18 years on the Yiddish stage.
Born in Vienna, Austria and immigrated to Palestine with his parents at age 13. Studied at the Academy of Dramatic Arts in London (1946-1948), and immigrated to the United States in the 1950's. As a singer and as an actor, Bikel performed in many Broadway Theater productions, as well as in television shows and in movies. As a folk singer he sang songs that spanned over 20 languages, and he accompanied himself on a wide variety of instruments. Bikel recorded many albums, and performed all over the world.