The article describes field work in Israel during 1971 in the research of Bukarian music. It describes the cultural influences and origins of the Bukharian community. Urban communities were more pluralistic and multicutural and Jewish musicians contributd to them. It appears that in Israel as in the Soviet Union Bukharian music was to a large extent modernized and even lost. The article follows the story of one Bukharian family which arrived in Israel in the 1930s.